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Morphologic pattern of late gadolinium enhancement in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy detected by early cardiovascular magnetic resonance.

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TitleMorphologic pattern of late gadolinium enhancement in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy detected by early cardiovascular magnetic resonance.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsAvegliano, G, Huguet, M, Costabel, JP, Ronderos, R, Bijnens, B, Kuschnir, P, Thierer, J, Tobon-Gomez, C, Oller Martinez, G, Frangi, AF
JournalClin Cardiol
Date PublishedMar
KeywordsAged, Contrast Media, diagnosis/physiopathology, diagnostic use, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Gadolinium DTPA, Humans, Image Enhancement, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, methods, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) presents clinically as an acute coronary syndrome. It is characterized by transient left ventricular wall dyskinesis-akinesis, without significant epicardial coronary lesions. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) sequences on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) allow to clarify the pathophysiology in patients with chest pain, elevated troponin, and normal epicardial coronary arteries; in patients with TTC, previous studies have shown absence of LGE.Early CMR in Takotsubo patients could show a morphological pattern of LGE improving clinical diagnosis.Between January 2005 and January 2007, 8 consecutive patients with TTC criteria underwent CMR within the first 3 days of admission. Cine, T2-weighted, and LGE images were acquired. Patient follow-up included clinical exam and imaging techniques: echocardiogram on days 3, 7, 30, and 60, and CMR at 3 months.Six patients had experienced a previous stressful situation. No significant lesions were found on coronary angiography, and wall motion improvement was noted at 15 (7-30) days. Median EFs at admission and recovery were 46.5% and 65%, respectively. Dyskinesis was midapical in 6 cases, apical in 1 case, and mid-ventricular in 1 case. Late gadolinium enhancement showed mild hyperenhancement in areas of abnormal wall motion, whereas normal segments had no contrast enhancement. On follow-up CMR, wall motion was normal without late enhancement.Early CMR in TTC demonstrates a special morphological pattern of late gadolinium uptake that might correspond to localized inflammation and edema in the affected area, suggesting diffuse microcirculation damage rather than epicardial vessel involvement.

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